Estrogen is a hormone found in both men and women, although it is significantly more abundant in women. Responsible crucially for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system, estrogen also influences bone health, skin health, metabolism, and mood. In women, it is produced in the ovaries, adrenal glands, and fat cells. There are three main forms of this hormone in the body—estrone, estradiol (most common in women of childbearing age), and estriol.

Relationship to Night Sweats

Estrogen is closely related to night sweats due to its function as a regulator of the body’s heating and cooling system. During perimenopause and menopause, there is a decline in estrogen levels, which can trigger hot flashes and night sweats. The body’s thermoregulation gets disrupted, causing sudden windows of extreme heat—commonly known as hot flashes—or excessive sweating during sleep (night sweats).

Common Misconceptions/Questions

Some people believe that only women have estrogen, but this hormone is present in both sexes—albeit in much smaller quantities in men. Elevated estrogen levels in men can lead to symptoms such as erectile dysfunction, infertility, and increased body fat.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can a lack of estrogen cause night sweats?

Yes, a decrease in estrogen levels is known to interfere with the body’s ability to regulate temperature, thereby causing hot flashes or night sweats in some women.

Is estrogen only relevant to women?

No, while estrogen levels are significantly higher in women, men also have estrogen. It’s essential for their bone health, sexual function, and overall well-being.

How can estrogen levels be balanced?

Estrogen levels can be balanced via a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, minimal alcohol consumption, and maintaining a healthy weight. In certain cases, healthcare providers may recommend hormone therapy.

Can stress affect estrogen levels?

Yes, high levels of chronic stress can potentially impact the hormonal balance, including levels of estrogen in the body.

Related Terms and Additional Resources


  • Progesterone : A hormone that works with estrogen to regulate menstrual cycles and maintain pregnancies.
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) : A treatment to relieve symptoms of menopause by replacing hormones the body no longer makes after menopause.
  • Menopause : The end of a woman’s menstrual cycles, officially diagnosed after you’ve gone 12 consecutive months without a menstrual period.