Restless Legs Syndrome And Night Sweats


Did you know that over 10 million Americans suffer from restless legs syndrome (RLS), a common neurological disorder that causes uncomfortable sensations and an uncontrollable urge to move the legs during periods of rest, often leading to sleep disturbances and even night sweats? This article aims to shed light on the connection between restless legs syndrome and night sweats, providing valuable insights on how individuals afflicted with RLS can manage these symptoms to improve their sleep and overall quality of life.

Join us as we discuss the background, prevalence, and causes of restless legs syndrome, tackle the symptoms and diagnostic process, and delve into various treatment and management options. We also touch upon potential complications and long-term effects of RLS, as well as prevention and coping strategies.

Read our articles on the Sleep Disorders And Night Sweats for an overview of the relationship between sleep disorders and night sweats.

I. Background Information

A. Definition

Restless legs syndrome, or RLS, is a neurological disorder characterized by an uncontrollable urge to move the legs during periods of rest, often accompanied by uncomfortable sensations such as itching, burning, or tingling. These symptoms can lead to sleep disturbances, including night sweats, which occur when the body experiences excessive sweating during sleep.

B. Prevalence

Approximately 7-10% of the U.S. population suffers from RLS. The condition is more prevalent in women, and the risk increases with age. Night sweats are a common symptom experienced by many individuals affected by RLS.

C. Causes and Risk Factors

Although the exact cause of RLS remains unknown, various factors have been linked to the condition, including:

  • Genetics
  • Iron deficiency
  • Dopaminergic system abnormalities
  • Pregnancy
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Use of certain medications

Understanding these causes and risk factors can help individuals and their healthcare providers develop effective strategies to manage RLS symptoms, including night sweats, ultimately improving their overall well-being.

II. Symptoms and Diagnosis

A. Common Symptoms

Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) manifests through various symptoms that may vary among individuals. Night sweats, characterized by excessive sweating during sleep, are among these symptoms. However, other common symptoms of RLS can also be present. These include:

  • Overwhelming urge to move the legs
  • Uncomfortable sensations, such as itching, burning or tingling
  • Worsening of symptoms during rest or inactivity
  • Relief with movement

B. Diagnostic Criteria

To diagnose Restless Legs Syndrome and its related symptoms, such as night sweats, healthcare providers follow a specific process. The diagnosis may include:

  1. Medical history: A detailed discussion of the patient’s symptoms, health issues, and family history is essential for assessing potential contributing factors.
  2. Physical examination: The doctor performs a thorough physical examination to evaluate the patient’s overall health and rule out other conditions that may be causing the symptoms.
  3. Sleep study: In some cases, a sleep study may be necessary to rule out other sleep disorders that could be contributing to the patient’s symptoms.

Consulting with a healthcare professional is crucial if you experience persistent or severe night sweats or any other symptoms mentioned above, as they could be a sign of an underlying medical condition requiring intervention.

III. Treatment and Management

Effectively addressing restless legs syndrome and night sweats involves a comprehensive approach that consists of conventional treatments, alternative options, and lifestyle changes. Developing a suitable management plan can help alleviate symptoms and improve overall well-being.

A. Conventional Treatments

Your healthcare provider may recommend or prescribe the following treatments if you’re diagnosed with restless legs syndrome:

  1. Prescription Medications: Dopamine agonists, benzodiazepines, or opioids may be used to alleviate RLS symptoms. Your healthcare professional will determine the most appropriate medication based on your individual needs and medical history.
  2. Iron Supplementation: If iron deficiency is identified as a contributing factor to your RLS symptoms, your doctor may recommend iron supplementation to improve the condition.

B. Alternative Treatments

Some individuals explore alternative treatments to manage symptoms of restless legs syndrome and night sweats:

  1. Massage: Regular massages targeting the affected limbs can help alleviate some of the uncomfortable sensations associated with RLS, potentially providing temporary relief.
  2. Acupuncture: Acupuncture has been reported to help some individuals with RLS by improving circulation and balancing energy pathways in the affected areas.
  3. Relaxation Techniques: Incorporating relaxation practices such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, or meditation may help manage RLS-related discomfort and night sweats.

C. Lifestyle Changes

Incorporating specific lifestyle modifications can improve restless legs syndrome symptoms and reduce night sweats significantly:

  1. Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking or stretching, can help alleviate symptoms of RLS. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise daily for optimal results.
  2. Good Sleep Hygiene: Establishing a regular sleep schedule, creating a comfortable sleep environment, and adopting a calming bedtime routine can help minimize RLS symptoms and improve sleep quality.
  3. Limit Triggering Substances: Reducing or eliminating caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine from your daily routine may help manage restless legs syndrome and night sweats.

IV. Complications and Long-term Effects

A. Possible Complications

Untreated restless legs syndrome and its associated night sweats can result in various complications for individuals experiencing this condition. Some of the complications include:

  • Significant sleep disruption
  • Decreased quality of life
  • Increased risk of anxiety and depression

Frequent night sweats also disrupt sleep quality, potentially leading to chronic sleep deprivation and associated issues, such as weakened immunity, mood disorders, and reduced daily functioning.

B. Long-term Effects

If restless legs syndrome and night sweats persist without intervention, they can have a significant impact on an individual’s long-term physical and mental health. Some of the potential long-term effects include:

  • Cognitive impairments, including memory and concentration issues
  • Cardiovascular problems, due to chronic sleep deprivation
  • Work performance decline and a higher risk of accidents
  • Reduced overall quality of life

Given these potential consequences, it is crucial to address restless legs syndrome-related night sweats and work with a healthcare provider to develop effective management and treatment strategies.

V. Prevention and Coping Strategies

A. Prevention Tips

Although there is no known way to completely prevent RLS, the following prevention tips can help reduce the risk and minimize the occurrence of night sweats related to restless legs syndrome:

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle: Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and stress management practices can help improve overall health and potentially reduce RLS symptoms.
  • Avoid triggers: Limit the consumption of alcohol and caffeine, as they may aggravate RLS symptoms and worsen night sweats.
  • Address underlying causes: Promptly address medical issues, such as iron deficiency or chronic illnesses, that could contribute to the development of RLS.
  • Monitor medication side effects: Be aware of the side effects of medications you are taking, as certain drugs may cause or worsen RLS symptoms. Consult your healthcare provider for potential alternatives.

B. Coping Strategies

The following coping strategies can help you better manage the challenges associated with restless legs syndrome and night sweats:

  • Seek emotional support: Connect with friends, family, or online support groups to discuss your experiences and learn from others facing similar challenges.
  • Integrate stress reduction techniques: Incorporate relaxation practices such as meditation, deep breathing, or yoga into your daily routine to alleviate stress and ease RLS symptoms.
  • Stay informed: Consult reputable sources, such as healthcare professionals or online resources, to remain knowledgeable about restless legs syndrome and night sweats management strategies.


In summary, restless legs syndrome is a common neurological disorder that affects millions of Americans and can lead to night sweats and sleep disturbances. A combination of conventional and alternative treatments, along with lifestyle changes, can help manage and alleviate these symptoms. If you suspect you are suffering from RLS and night sweats, it is crucial to consult with your healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and individualized treatment plans. By addressing restless legs syndrome and night sweats, you can significantly improve your overall quality of life and regain a sense of control over your health.

Medical Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered professional medical advice. It is always recommended to consult with a healthcare professional before making any changes to your treatment plan, diet, or lifestyle. is not responsible for any actions taken as a result of the information provided in this article.